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Gate/Sprue Related Porosity

Gate size and shape are important for low porosity casting. When casting simple designs with rounded shanks and only a few prongs, almost any gate - round or flared, light or heavy will function properly. A proper gate should be round and slightly smaller than the width of the shank.

A gate is designed to supply the molten metal into the pattern cavity. Assuming proper metal and flask temperatures, the gate is critical in properly filling the cavity and allowing a proper solidification. When a gate is too small, it will solidify before the part cavity. This may cause porosity at the gate-part interface. This is usually seen as a roughness or an indentation at the interface. In some circumstances, cracking may also take place, in a similar manner of a hot tear. When oxides are present, as when old metal is used, trapping of the oxides may take place. This appears as a gritty or sandy texture inside the cast part. A flared gate, hammered to expand the gate width is very popular. Flaring a gate makes it easy to engrave style number as well as increase the metal flow rate into the part.

NOTES: When solidification occurs in an angle, the outer edges solidify more rapidly causing a greater shrinkage to take place. The narrower the gate-part interface, the higher the velocity of the supplied metal. Round gates solidify in a more uniform manner than angled gates.

Precious Metal Spot Prices

  Bid Change
Gold $1,556.61 -$1.90/-0.12%
Silver $17.73 -$0.10/-0.57%
Platinum $1,005.78 -$8.91/-0.88%
Palladium $2,440.33 -$33.67/-1.36%
Gold 2020-01-23 8:39 AM
Bid/Ask $1,556.61/$1,557.12
High/Low $1,563.82/$1,551.96
Change -$1.90/-0.12%
Silver 2020-01-23 8:39 AM
Bid/Ask $17.73/$17.74
High/Low $17.92/$17.61
Change -$0.10/-0.57%
Platinum 2020-01-23 8:39 AM
Bid/Ask $1,005.78/$1,006.81
High/Low $1,022.29/$1,002.41
Change -$8.91/-0.88%
Palladium 2020-01-23 8:39 AM
Bid/Ask $2,440.33/$2,450.34
High/Low $2,537.55/$2,445.34
Change -$33.67/-1.36%

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Prices shown are for reference only. Please contact our trading desk for accurate, up-to-the-minute pricing.